Zaryadye – The indoor park
Moscow’s first new public park in over 50 years has been designed by NY based interdisciplinary design studio, Diller Scofidio + Renfro.
Zaryadye Park demonstrates the necessity of weaving architecture and design into our everyday life, allowing it to shape our habits and imagine our future.
The design is based on an idea called “Wild Urbanism,” where the natural and the built cohabit to create a new public space that is essentially indoors.”Wild Urbanism” – in which plants and people are of equal importance and “nature and architecture are merged into a seamless whole.” (Diller Scofidio+Renfro)
The park will feature the 4 indigenous biomes of Russia: ice tundra, steppe which is a grassland, savanna vegetation, forests and wetlands, together with their accompanying microclimates, in an unprecedented landscape design.
Over 1,000 trees, 6,000 shrubs and 718,000 flowers will be planted to make up the park flora.
A glass dome will provide sufficient warmth and humidity for a subtropical winter garden, with the temperature always 10 degrees Celsius above the city average. This glass-domed, subtropical garden will be located on the roof of the philharmonic hall, which began construction last year. The dome has been tested to protect park-goers from the harsh Moscow winters.
The park terrain also has to be shaped and moulded to mimic the terrain flow (slopes and hills) of the biomes as they naturally occur.
For this, 250,000 cubic metres of soil needs to be laid. To do this on a pressing schedule is a huge challenge. The soil is brought by the Moskva River on barges at night to reduce public transport problems as much as possible.
Apart from creating microclimates and the glass dome, the park will flaunt a number of other architectural and technical innovations. For instance, a year-round ice cave, with an area exceeding 1,000 sqm will display information about the Russian North. Interactive panels, containing information about Zaryadye from the ancient past into our day, will be installed on a 70-metre-long V-shaped single-span glass bridge hovering above the Moskva at a height of 13 metres. A masterpiece of engineering, the bridge will link the park with the ‘outside world’ And finally, garbage will be collected into one container from the whole park by a vacuum cleaning network.
The park is due for completion in September 2017.